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第五轮学科评估工作如何开展?教育部10问答详解

发布日期: 2019-11-04 09:49  点击数:   来源:yb体育_官网

jinri,jiaoyubuxueweiyuyanjiushengjiaoyufazhanzhongxingongbule《diwulunxuekepinggugongzuofangan》。xuekepingguruheluoshilideshurengenbenrenwu?zai“powuwei”fangmianyounaxiejutijucuo?xueweizhongxinfuzerenjiuyouguanwentihuidalejizhetiwen。

1. 问: 请简要介绍一下《工作方案》出台的背景。

yb体育da: yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyanggaoduzhongshijiaoyupingjiagongzuo。xijinpingzongshujizaiquanguojiaoyudahuishangqiangdiao,“yaojianquanlideshurenluoshijizhi,niuzhuanbukexuedejiaoyupingjiadaoxiang,jianjuekefuweifenshu、weishengxue、weiwenping、weilunwen、weimaozidewanzhangguji,conggenbenshangjiejuejiaoyupingjiazhihuibangwenti”。xijinpingzongshujizaijiaoyuwenhuaweishengtiyulingyuzhuanjiadaibiaozuotanhuishangfabiaozhongyaojianghuazhichu“yaozhuahaoshenhuaxinshidaijiaoyupingjiagaigezongtifanganchutaiheluoshiluodi,goujianfuhezhongguoshiji、juyoushijieshuipingdepingjiatixi”。jinri,zhonggongzhongyang、guowuyuanyinfa《shenhuaxinshidaijiaoyupingjiagaigezongtifangan》(jiancheng《zongtifangan》),zheishizhidaoshenhuaxinshidaijiaoyupingjiagaigedeganglingxingwenjian,yeshixinzhongguodiyigeybtiyujiaoyupingjiaxitongxinggaigedewenjian,juyouzhongdadeshidaiyiyi、lilunyiyi、shijianyiyihelishiyiyi。

yb体育《zongtifangan》duixuekepinggugongzuotichumingqueyaoqiu,qiangdiaoyaogaijinxuekepinggu,qianghuarencaipeiyangzhongxindiwei,danhualunwenshoulushu、yinyonglv、jiangxiangshudengshuliangzhibiao,tuchuxueketese、zhilianghegongxian,jiuzhengpianmianyixueshutouxianpingjiaxueshushuipingdezuofa,jiaoshichengguoyangeanshumingdanweirending、busuirenzou。zi2002niankaishi,xueweizhongxinanzhaoguowuyuanxueweiweiyuanhuihejiaoyububanbude《xueweishouyuherencaipeiyangxuekemulu》,duiquanguojuyouboshihuoshuoshixueweishouyuquandeyijixuekejinxingdezhengtishuipingpinggu,jianchengxuekepinggu。jingguojin20niandetansuoshijian,yixingchengxiangduichengshudexuekepingjiatixi。xuekepingguyixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,lizuwoguogaodengjiaoyushiji,zhelifanyingwoguogaoxiaoxuekejianshezongtishuipinghejieduanxingjinzhan。xuekepingguzunxunjiaoyuguilv,yituoguangdagaoxiao、zhuanjiaxuezhe、zhuanyezuzhigongtongyanjiuzhidingzhibiaotixi,ningjuzuidagongshi,yipingcujian、yipingcusheng,tuidongwoguoxuekejianshezhengtishuipingheyanjiushengpeiyangzhiliangbuduantisheng。

xueweizhongxinjiu《gongzuofangan》yanzhishenrudiaoyanlunzheng,guangfantingqugefangyijian,zhuyaozuoleyixiajifangmiangongzuo。yishidaoyixiankaizhanmianshangdiaoyan,zhaokai20yucidiaoyanhui,dangmiantingqule100yusuogaoxiaohebufenshengshijiaoyuting400yuweizhuanjiayijianjianyi。ershizhaokaizhexueshehuikexuepingjiazuotanhui,youzhenduixingkaizhandiaoyan,zhuantiyanjiuzhexueshehuikexuexuekepingjiagaige。sanshizhengqiuyouguanbuwei、xiangguansijuyijian,duocigoutongfankui。sishiweituozhongguoxueweiyuyanjiushengjiaoyuxuehuipingguweiyuanhuifenzhuantizukaizhanyanjiu,shenrulunzheng。wushijinjinyikaoxuekelingyuzhuanjia,duimeigeyijixuekezhibiaotixishumianzhengqiugaoxiaohebufenxuekepingyizuzhuanjiayijian,xingchengzuidachengdugongshi。xueweizhongxinduigefangyijianzhutiaoyanjiu、fanfutuiqiao,zuizhongxingcheng《gongzuofangan》。

2. 问: 请简要介绍一下本轮学科评估的总体改革思路。

da: zaishenruzongjieqiansilunxuekepinggujingyanjichushang,diwulunxuekepinggulizuxinshidai,jianchijichengchuangxin、yushijujin,anzhao“gaigejieguopingjia、qianghuaguochengpingjia、tansuozengzhipingjia、jianquanzonghepingjia”yaoqiu,zaiyixiashigefangmiangaigewanshan: jinyibuluoshilideshurengenbenrenwu;jinyibupochu“wuwei”wanzhangguji;jinyibuqianghuashideyushinengxiangtongyi;jinyibutuchuzhiliang、gongxianhetese;jinyibuqianghuafenleipingjia;jinyibuwanshanzhongguotesezhexueshehuikexuexuekepingjiatixi;jinyibutishengpingguxinxikekaoxing;jinyibutigaozhuanjiapingyizhilianghepingjiakexuexing;jinyibuwanshanjieguofabufangshi;jinyibuqianghuapingguzhenduangongneng。

yb体育zaipingguzhibiaotixishejishang,jianchiyi“lideshurenchengxiao”weigenbenbiaozhun,yi“zhiliang、chengxiao、tese、gongxian”weijiazhidaoxiang,yi“dingliangyudingxingpingjiaxiangjiehe”weijibenfangfa,yipochu“wuwei”wanjiweitupokou,zaibaochiyijixuekezhengtishuipingpinggujibendingweihepinggutixikuangjiajibenwendingdejichushang,jinyibuqianghuarencaipeiyangzhongxindiwei,jianjuepochu“wuwei”wanji,gaigejiaoshiduiwupingjia,tuchuzhiliang、gongxianhetese。

3. 问: 学科评估如何落实立德树人根本任务?

da: xuekepingguyi“jujiaolideshuren”wei《gongzuofangan》shouyaoyuanze,zhibiaotixiyi“lideshurenchengxiao”weigenbenbiaozhun,guanchuanyupingjiaquanfangwei、quanguocheng,jizhongtixianzai“rencaipeiyangzhiliang”yijizhibiaozhong。zai“sixiangzhengzhijiaoyuchengxiao”“peiyangguochengzhiliang”“zaixiaoshengzhiliang”“biyeshengzhiliang”sigeweidushang,qianghua“wuxing”pingjia。

yb体育yishifangxiangxing。basixiangzhengzhijiaoyufangzairencaipeiyangshouwei,badezhitimeilaoquanmianfazhanguanchuanyupingjiazaixiaoshenghebiyeshengshizhong。ershixitongxing。jiangrencaipeiyangguochengyupeiyangchengxiaoxiangjiehe、zaixuezhiliangyubiyezhiliangxiangjiehe、zongtiqingkuangyudaibiaoxingchengguoxiangjiehe,xitongpingjiayurenxiaoguoherencaipeiyangzhiliang。sanshiguochengxing。jiaqiangrencaipeiyangguochengpingjia,zhongdiankaochajiaocaitixi、kechengtixi、jiaoxuetixijiguojijiaoliuxuexidengfangmianqingkuang,tuchukexueyanjiudengduirencaipeiyangdezhichengzuoyong。sishichengzhangxing。kaochaxueshengzaixueqijiansixiangshuiping、zhengzhijuewu、daodepinzhi、wenhuasuyangdengfangmiandechengzhangdu,yijikeyanxunlianduixueshengxueshudaodehekeyannenglidetishengdu。wushiduoyuanxing。tansuoduoyuanpingjiafangfa,zaitongxingzhuanjiapingjiajichushang,duixueshengheyongrendanweikaizhandaguimowenjuandiaocha,tuijinrencaipeiyangzhiliangpingjiade“gongjice”yu“xuqiuce”youjijiehe。

4. 问: 学科评估在“破五唯”方面有哪些具体举措?

da: jianchiyilicupo,polijiehe。pingjiajiaoshibuweixuelihezhicheng,bushezhirencai“maozi”zhibiao,bimianyixueshutouxianpingjiaxueshushuipingdepianmianzuofa。pingjiakeyanshuipingbuweilunwenhejiangxiang,shezhi“daibiaoxingxueshuzhuzuo”“zhuanlizhuanhua”“xinyaoyanfa”dengzhibiao,jinxingduoweidukeyanchengxiaopingjia。pingjiaxueshulunwenjujiaobiaozhixingxueshuchengguo,caiyong“jiliangpingjiayuzhuanjiapingjiaxiangjiehe”“zhongguoqikanyuguowaiqikanxiangjiehe”de“daibiaozuopingjia”fangfa,bu“yikanpingwen”,danhualunwenshoulushuheyinyonglv,bujiangsci、esixiangguanzhibiaozuoweizhijiepanduanyiju,tuchubiaozhixingxueshuchengguodechuangxinzhilianghexueshugongxian,zheliniuzhuan“scizhishang”jumian。jianchidaibiaoxingchengguozhuanjiapingjiayugaoshuipingchengguodingliangpingjiaxiangjiehe,chongfenyunyongjiyudingliangshujuhezhengjude“ronghepingjia”fangfa。

5. 问: 学科评估如何有效抑制人才无序流动?

da: xuekepinggugulirencaiheliyouxuliudong,zaiyizhirencaiwuxuliudongfangmiancaiquleruxia“zuhequan”。yishipingjiajiaoshiduiwujixuyanyong“duiwujiegouzhilianghedaibiaoxingguganjiaoshixiangjiehe”depingjiafangfa,anxuekefangxiangliejudaibiaoxingguganjiaoshi,bushezhitianxierencai“maozi”chenghaolanmu,butongjirencai“maozi”shuliang,niuzhuanguodukanzhong“maozi”debuliangqingxiang。ershijiaoshichengguoyangeanchanquandanweirending、busuirenzou,duiyuyinjinrencaizaiyuandanweiqudedechengguo,buzaixindanweitongjishiyong。sanshiqianghuajiaoshiyijiaoshuyurenweishouyaozhizedepingjiadaoxiang,jiangjiaoshouweibenkeshengshangkehezhidaoyanjiushengqingkuangzuoweizhongyaoguancedian,yindaojiaoshiqianxinjiaoxue、quanxinyuren,bimianchanshengtongguodaguimopinyong“zhuanzhikeyanrenyuan”zhuangongkeyanzhibiao、hushirencaipeiyangdebuliangqingxiang。sishiguanzhuguganjiaoshizaibendanweigongzuonianxianheshoukeqingkuang,gongzhuanjiapingjiacankao。

6. 问: 学科评估在“加快构建中国特色哲学社会科学学科评价体系”方面有何举措?

yb体育da: jiakuaigoujiankexuequanwei、juyouzhongguotesedezhexueshehuikexuexuekepingjiatixi,tuxianzhongguotese、zhongguofengge、zhongguoqipai。benlunpinggugaigezhuyaotixianzaiyixiajigefangmian。yishigengjiaqiangdiaozhengzhifangxiang。zhexueshehuikexuexuekejuyouxianmingdeyishixingtaishuxing,yaotuchumakesizhuyizhidaodiwei,jianchishehuizhuyibanxuefangxiang,laolaobazhuxueshupingjiazhongdezhengzhiguan。ershigengjiazhangxianzhongguotese。zhongdiankaochazhexueshehuikexuexuekezailizuzhongguoshiji、jiejuezhongguowenti、jianghaozhongguogushi、chuanbozhongguoshengyindengfangmiandetesehegongxian,tuxianzhongguofenggehezhongguoqipai。ru: jiang“sanbaoyikan”wenzhangzuoweizhongyaoyanjiuchengguo,guidingdaibiaoxinglunwenbixubaohanyidingbilidezhongguoqikanlunwen,qiangdiaokecheng、jiaocaipingjiagengjiatuchusixiangxing、shidaixing,jinmijiehejingjishehuifazhanxuyao,tixianzhongguoshiji。sanshigengjiatixianxueketedian。danhuashiyanshi、jididengtiaojianziyuanleizhibiao,qianghuaduixueshuzhuzuo、yishushijianchengguodengjinxing“daibiaozuopingjia”,shidujiangdixueshulunwendengzhibiaoquanzhong,bushezhizhuanlizhuanhuadengzhibiao。duiyurenwenxueke,qiangdiaoqizaifazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyiwenhua,jifaquanminzuwenhuachuangxinchuangzaohuolidengfangmiangongxian;duiyushehuikexue,guliqizaizhongguoshijianzhongxingchengzhongguofangan,yanjiujiejuezhongguozhongdawenti;duiyuyishuxueke,tuchuyimeiyuren、yiwenhuarendetedian,gengzhuzhongkaochaqishijianxing,qiangdiaokexueyanjiuyuyishushijianbingzhong。sishigengjiatuchufuwushehui。chongfenrenkezhexueshehuikexuexuekezaizhengcezixun、zhikujianshe、gonggongfuwuhehongyangzhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhuadengfangmiandegongxian,jiadashehuifuwu“anli”quanzhong,fengfu“anli”neihan。wushigengjiaqiangdiaotongxingpingjia。xiangduiyuzirankexuexueke,zhexueshehuikexuexuekechengguonanyitongguolianghuazhibiaoquanmianchengxianjianshechengxiao,gengjiayikaoxueshugongtongti,caiquqieshijucuo,tigaotongxingpingjiazhiliang。tongshi,jiaqiangguojipingjia,shoucizaijiaoyuxue、xinlixue、kaoguxue、gongshangguanli、yinleyuwudaoxue、shejixuedengzhexueshehuikexuexuekeshezhixueke“guojishengyu”zhibiao,yaoqingjingwaizhuanjiakaizhanxuekeshengyudiaocha。

7. 问: 学科评估如何确保评估材料真实可靠?

da: quebaopinggucailiaozhenshikekao,shipinggujieguokeguangongzhengdezhongyaobaozheng,yeshigaoxiaopubianguanxindewenti。diwulunxuekepingguzaiyixialiugefangmianzongheshice。yishiyouhuapinggucanpingguize。chongfenkaolv“xiaoguimoxueke”he“xinshelixueke”shijiqingkuang,youhuawanshan“xiangjinxueketongshicanping”guize,jianchichengguo“guishudu”yuanze,jigulixuekeshengtaiyouhuahejiaocharonghe,youquebaokuaxuekechengguohelishiyong。ershichongfenshiyonggonggongshuju。yunyongdashujuherengongzhinengdengjishushouduan,jiaqiangyuyouguanbumenxietongheguoneiwaidisanfangshujujigouhezuo,jianlixuekedashujuku,tigongjixuexiaoshenhebuchonghuoyuxuexiaotianbaoshujubiduiheyan。sanshijiadacailiaohechalidu。tongguocailiaoxingshishencha、xinxiluojijiancha、gonggongshujubidui、zhengmingcailiaohecha、zhongfushujushaicha、zhongdianshujuchoucha、xuekeguishufenxidengqidacuoshi,duipinggucailiaojinxingquanmianhechahe“qingxi”。sishikaizhanxinxiwangshanggongshi。zaiquebaoguojiaxinxianquandeqiantixia,xuanqubufenpinggucailiaojinxingwangshanggongshi,jieshouyouguandanweihezhuanjiadeyiyi。wushichuangxinzhuanjiashenhejizhi。yingyong“ronghepingjia”fangfa,qingzhuanjiaduichengguoxuekeguishudengqingkuangjinxingshenhe,quebaokuaxuekechengguohelishiyong。liushijianliweiguichengjiejizhi。duiyuyinshujutianbaoshishierbeishanchudeshuju,budezaijinxingbubaohuodiaozhengdaoqitaxueke;duiyunongxuzuojiaxingwei,shiqiqingkuangzaiyidingfanweineijinxingtongbaohechuli。

8. 问: 学科评估如何有效提高专家评价质量?

yb体育da: xuekepingguzhelitigaozhuanjiapingjiadegongpingxing、gongzhengxinghekexuexing,nulitishengzhuanjiapingjiazhiliang。yishishidukuodazhuanjiashuliang。zengjiapingshenzhuanjiashuliang,meiweizhuanjiajinpingshenbufenzhibiao,baozhengpingjia“jingdu”he“shendu”,tigaopingjiazhenduixinghebaomixing。ershikexuelinxuanpingshenzhuanjia。weibutongpingjiazhibiaofenleizhidinglinxuanguize,fenbiexuanqupingyizhuanjia,quebaokexuexing;tongguoxinxixitongyijulinxuanguizesuijixuanquzhuanjia,quebaogongpingxing。sanshiyanzhizhuanjiapingjiazhinan。zhidingpingjiazhinan,mingquezhuanjiapingjiayuanzehepingjiazhongdian,tongyipingjiabiaozhun。sishitansuo“ronghepingjia”fangfa。zaikexuebawodinglianghedingxingjiehedudejichushang,ronghedinglianghedingxingpingjiayoushi,chongfenfahuidingliangshujuhekeguanzhengjuzaizhuanjiapingjiazhongdefuzhuyanpanzuoyong,tigaozhuanjiadingxingpingjiakekaoxing。wushiwanshanjieguotongjifangfa。duipingjiajieguojinxing“qujizhi”“biaozhunhua”dengtongjixuefangfachuli,tichuzhuanjiapingjiade“qiyizhi”,tigaojieguokexindu。

9. 问: 在组织实施过程中如何切实减轻学校负担?

da: weiqieshijianqingxuexiaofudan,jianshaoduigaoxiaozhengchangbanxueganrao,benlunxuekepingguzhelijiaqiangpingguzhuanyehuajianshe,chuangxinpingjiafangfa,wanshanpingguliucheng。yishigoujian“gonggongshujuyuxuexiaotianbaoxiangjiehe”deshujuhuoqumoshi。chongfenliyongxueweizhongxin“quanguoxuekedashujufuwupingtai”deguoneiwaigonggongshujuziyuan,jiangyouguanshujutigongxuexiaoshenhequeren,youxiaojianqingxuexiaoshoujihuizongshujudefudan。ershitishengpingguxinxipingtaizhinenghuashuiping。tigongzhinenghecha、zhinengbidui、zhinengtishidenggongneng,bangzhuxuexiaogaoxiaotianbaoyuheyanshuju。sanshishoucishishi“quanchengwuzhihua”baosong。suoyoucailiaojuntongguopingguxitongtijiaodianziwenjian,buzaibaosongrenhezhizhicailiao。sishipingshengongzuoquanbutongguowangluokaizhan。bu“jinxiao”kaizhanpinggu,jianshaoduixuexiaozhengchangbanxuedeganrao。

10. 问: 学科评估工作下一步有何安排?

da: xueweizhongxinjiangyujinqixiangquanguogeboshishuoshixueweishouyudanweifachu《quanguodiwulunxuekepingguyaoqinghan》,zhengshiqidongpinggugongzuo。fuhecanpingtiaojiandedanweiziyuantichushenqing,tijiaoyouguanxinxi,xueweizhongxinjiangyangeanchengxukaizhanxinxihecha、xinxigongshi、fankuifuhe、zhuanjiapingjia、wenjuandiaocha、jieguotongji、jieguofabudenggongzuo。pinggujieshuhou,jiangshenrukaizhanxinxiwajuefenxifuwu,bangzhugaoxiaozongjiejieduanxingjinzhan,chazhaojiegouxingduanban,faxianyoushiyubuzu,fahuipingguzhenduanzuoyong,tuidongxuekeneihanshijianshe,qieshizuodaoyipingcujian、yipingcusheng。

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