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教育部印发大中小学劳动教育指导纲要(试行)

发布日期: 2019-07-17 09:00  点击数:   来源:yb体育_官网

教育部yb体育印发《大中小学劳动教育指导纲要(试行)》的通知

(教材〔2020〕4号)

yb体育gesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashijiaoyuting(jiaowei),xinjiangshengchanjianshebingtuanybtiyu,youguanbumen(danwei)jiaoyusi(ju),bushugegaodengxuexiao、bushenghejiangegaodengxuexiao:

yb体育weishenruguanchexijinpingzongshujiybtiyujiaoyudezhongyaolunshu,quanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,luoshi《zhonggongzhongyang guowuyuanybtiyuquanmianjiaqiangxinshidaidazhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyudeyijian》,jiakuaigoujiandezhitimeilaoquanmianpeiyangdejiaoyutixi,wobuzuzhiyanjiuzhidingle《dazhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyuzhidaogangyao(shixing)》,xianyinfajinimen,qingrenzhenguancheluoshi。

jiaoyubu

2020nian7yue7ri


大中小学劳动教育指导纲要(试行)


weishenruguanchexijinpingzongshujiybtiyujiaoyudezhongyaolunshu,quanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,luoshi《zhonggongzhongyang guowuyuanybtiyuquanmianjiaqiangxinshidaidazhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyudeyijian》,jiakuaigoujiandezhitimeilaoquanmianpeiyangdejiaoyutixi,zhidingbenzhidaogangyao。

一、劳动教育性质和基本理念

(yi)laodongjiaoyuxingzhi

laodongshichuangzaowuzhicaifuhejingshencaifudeguocheng,shirenleiteyoudejibenshehuishijianhuodong。laodongjiaoyushifahuilaodongdeyurengongneng,duixueshengjinxingreailaodong、reailaodongrenmindejiaoyuhuodong。dangqianshishilaodongjiaoyudezhongdianshizaixitongdewenhuazhishixuexizhiwai,youmude、youjihuadizuzhixueshengcanjiarichangshenghuolaodong、shengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodong,rangxueshengdongshoushijian、chuliliuhan,jieshouduanlian、molianyizhi,peiyangxueshengzhengquelaodongjiazhiguanhelianghaolaodongpinzhi。

laodongjiaoyushixinshidaidangduijiaoyudexinyaoqiu,shizhongguoteseshehuizhuyijiaoyuzhidudezhongyaoneirong,shiquanmianfazhanjiaoyutixidezhongyaozuchengbufen,shidazhongxiaoxuebixukaizhandejiaoyuhuodong。tajuyouxianmingdesixiangxing,bixujiangmakesizhuyilaodongguanguancheshizhong,qiangdiaolaodongshiyiqiecaifu、jiazhideyuanquan,laodongzheshiguojiadezhuren,yiqielaodonghelaodongzhedouyinggaidedaogulihezunzhong;changdaotongguochengshilaodongchuangzaomeihaoshenghuo、shixianrenshengmengxiang,fanduiyiqiebulaoerhuo、chongshangbaofu、tantuxiangledecuowusixiang。juyoutuchudeshehuixing,bixujiaqiangxuexiaojiaoyuyushehuishenghuo、shengchanshijiandezhijielianxi,fahuilaodongzaigerenyushehuizhijiandeniudaizuoyong,yindaoxueshengrenshishehui,zengqiangshehuizerengan;tongshizhuzhongrangxueshengxuehuifengonghezuo,tihuishehuizhuyishehuipingdeng、hexiedexinxinglaodongguanxi。juyouxianzhudeshijianxing,bixumianxiangzhenshideshenghuoshijiehezhiyeshijie,yindaoxueshengyidongshoushijianweizhuyaofangshi,zairenshishijiedejichushang,huodeyoujijiyiyidejiazhitiyan,xuehuijiansheshijie,suzaoziji,shixianshude、zengzhi、qiangti、yumeidemude。

yb体育(er)laodongjiaoyujibenlinian

yb体育1.qianghualaodongguannian,hongyanglaodongjingshen。jianglaodongguannianhelaodongjingshenjiaoyuguanchuanrencaipeiyangquanguocheng,guanchuanjiating、xuexiao、shehuigefangmian。zhuzhongrangxueshengzaixuexihezhangwojibenlaodongzhishijinengdeguochengzhong,lingwulaodongdeyiyijiazhi,xingchengqinjian、fendou、chuangxin、fengxiandelaodongjingshen。

yb体育2.qiangdiaoshenxincanyu,zhuzhongshounaobingyong。bawolaodongjiaoyudegenbentezheng,rangxueshengmianduizhenshidegerenshenghuo、shengchanheshehuixingfuwurenwuqingjing,qinlishijidelaodongguocheng,shanyuguanchasikao,zhuzhongyunyongsuoxuezhishijiejueshijiwenti,tigaolaodongzhilianghexiaolv。

yb体育3.jichengyouliangchuantong,zhangxianshidaitezheng。zaichongfenfahuichuantonglaodong、chuantonggongyixiangmuyurengongnengdetongshi,jingenkejifazhanhechanyebiange,zhunquebawoxinshidailaodonggongju、laodongjishu、laodongxingtaidexinbianhua,chuangxinlaodongjiaoyuneirong、tujing、fangshi,zengqianglaodongjiaoyudeshidaixing。

4.fahuizhutizuoyong,jifachuangxinchuangzao。guanzhuxueshenglaodongguochengzhongdetiyanheganwu,yindaoxueshengganshoulaodongdejianxinheshouhuodekuaile,zengqianghuodegan、chengjiugan、rongyugan。gulixueshengzaixuexihejiejiantarenfengfujingyan、jiyidejichushang,changshixinfangfa、tansuoxinjishu,dapojianghuasiweifangshi,tuichenchuxin。

二、劳动教育目标和内容

(yi)zongtimubiao

yb体育zhunquebawoshehuizhuyijianshezhehejiebanrendelaodongjingshenmianmao、laodongjiazhiquxianghelaodongjinengshuipingdepeiyangyaoqiu,quanmiantigaoxueshenglaodongsuyang,shixuesheng:

yb体育shulizhengquedelaodongguannian。zhengquelijielaodongshirenleifazhanheshehuijinbudegenbenliliang,renshilaodongchuangzaoren、laodongchuangzaojiazhi、chuangzaocaifu、chuangzaomeihaoshenghuodedaoli,zunzhonglaodong,zunzhongputonglaodongzhe,laogushulilaodongzuiguangrong、laodongzuichonggao、laodongzuiweida、laodongzuimeilidesixiangguannian。

juyoubibeidelaodongnengli。zhangwojibendelaodongzhishihejineng,zhengqueshiyongchangjianlaodonggongju,zengqiangtili、zhilihechuangzaoli,jubeiwanchengyidinglaodongrenwusuoxuyaodesheji、caozuonenglijituanduihezuonengli。

yb体育peiyujijidelaodongjingshen。linghui“xingfushifendouchulaide”neihanyuyiyi,jichengzhonghuaminzuqinjianjieyue、jingyefengxiandeyouliangchuantong,hongyangkaituochuangxin、dilifenjindeshidaijingshen。

yb体育yangchenglianghaodelaodongxiguanhepinzhi。nenggouzijueziyuan、renzhenfuze、anquanguifan、jianchibuxiedicanyulaodong,xingchengchengshishouxin、chikunailaodepinzhi。zhenxilaodongchengguo,yangchenglianghaodexiaofeixiguan,dujuelangfei。

(er)zhuyaoneirong

zhuyaobaokuorichangshenghuolaodong、shengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodongzhongdezhishi、jinengyujiazhiguan。richangshenghuolaodongjiaoyulizugerenshenghuoshiwuchuli,jiehekaizhanxinshidaixiaoyuanaiguoweishengyundong,zhuzhongshenghuonenglihelianghaoweishengxiguanpeiyang,shuliziliziqiangyishi。shengchanlaodongjiaoyuyaorangxueshengzaigongnongyeshengchanguochengzhongzhijiejingliwuzhicaifudechuangzaoguocheng,tiyancongjiandanlaodong、yuanshilaodongxiangfuzalaodong、chuangzaoxinglaodongdefazhanguocheng,xuehuishiyonggongju,zhangwoxiangguanjishu,ganshoulaodongchuangzaojiazhi,zengqiangchanpinzhiliangyishi,tihuipingfanlaodongzhongdeweida。fuwuxinglaodongjiaoyurangxueshengliyongzhishi、jinengdengweitarenheshehuitigongfuwu,zaifuwuxinggangweishangjianxishixi,shulifuwuyishi,shijianfuwujineng;zaigongyilaodong、zhiyuanfuwuzhongqianghuashehuizerengan。

(san)xueduanyaoqiu

1.xiaoxue

yb体育dinianji: yigerenshenghuoqijuweizhuyaoneirong,kaizhanlaodongjiaoyu,zhuzhongpeiyanglaodongyishihelaodonganquanyishi,shixueshengdongderenrendouyaolaodong,ganzhilaodonglequ,aixilaodongchengguo。zhidaoxuesheng: (1)wanchenggerenwupinzhengli、qingxi,jinxingjiandandejiatingqingsaohelajifenleideng,shulizijideshiqingzijizuodeyishi,tigaoshenghuozilinengli;(2)canyushidangdebanjijitilaodong,zhudongweihujiaoshineiwaihuanjingweishengdeng,peiyangjitirongyugan;(3)jinxingjiandanshougongzhizuo,zhaogushenbiandedongzhiwu,guanaishengming,reaiziran。

zhonggaonianji: yixiaoyuanlaodonghejiatinglaodongweizhuyaoneirongkaizhanlaodongjiaoyu,tihuilaodongguangrong,zunzhongputonglaodongzhe,chubuyangchengreailaodong、reaishenghuodetaidu。zhidaoxuesheng: (1)canyujiajuqingjie、shounazhengli,zhizuojiandandejiachangcandeng,meinianxuehui1—2xiangshenghuojineng,zengqiangshenghuozilinengliheqinjianjieyueyishi,peiyangjiatingzerengan;(2)canjiaxiaoyuanweishengbaojie、lajifenleichuli、lvhuameihuadeng,shidangcanjiashequhuanbao、gonggongweishengdenglisuonengjidegongyilaodong,zengqianggonggongfuwuyishi;(3)chubutiyanzhongzhi、yangzhi、shougongzhizuodengjiandandeshengchanlaodong,chubuxuehuiyutarenhezuolaodong,dongdeshenghuoyongpin、shipinlaizhibuyi,zhenxilaodongchengguo。

2.chuzhong

jiangujiazhengxuexi、xiaoneiwaishengchanlaodong、fuwuxinglaodong,anpailaodongjiaoyuneirong,kaizhanzhiyeqimengjiaoyu,tihuilaodongchuangzaomeihaoshenghuo,yangchengrenzhenfuze、chikunailaodelaodongpinzhiheanquanyishi,zengqianggonggongfuwuyishihedandangjingshen。rangxuesheng: (1)chengdanyidingdejiatingrichangqingjie、pengren、jiajumeihuadenglaodong,jinyibupeiyangshenghuozilinenglihexiguan,zengqiangjiatingzerenyishi;(2)dingqikaizhanxiaoyuanbaoganquyubaojiehemeihua,yijizhucan、jinglao、furuodengfuwuxinglaodong,chubuxingchengduixuexiao、shequfuzerendetaiduheshehuigongdeyishi;(3)shidangtiyanbaokuojingong、mugong、diangong、taoyi、buyidengxiangmuzaineidelaodongjichuantonggongyizhizuoguocheng,changshijiayongqiju、jiaju、dianqidejiandanxiuli,canyuzhongzhi、yangzhidengshengchanhuodong,xuexixiangguanjishu,huodechubudezhiyetiyan,xingchengchubudeshengyaguihuayishi。

3.putonggaozhong

yb体育zhuzhongweiraofengfuzhiyetiyan,kaizhanfuwuxinglaodongheshengchanlaodong,lijielaodongchuangzaojiazhi,jieshouduanlian、molianyizhi,juyoulaodongziliyishihezhudongfuwutaren、fuwushehuideqinghuai。zhidaoxuesheng: (1)chixukaizhanrichangshenghuolaodong,zengqiangshenghuozilinengli,guhualianghaolaodongxiguan;(2)xuanzefuwuxinggangwei,jinglizhenshidegangweigongzuoguocheng,huodezhenqiedezhiyetiyan,peiyangzhiyexingqu;jijicanjiadaxingsaishi、shequjianshe、huanjingbaohudenggongyihuodong、zhiyuanfuwu,qianghuashehuizerenyishihefengxianjingshen;(3)tongchoulaodongjiaoyuyutongyongjishukechengxiangguanneirong,conggongye、nongye、xiandaifuwuyeyijizhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhuatesexiangmuzhong,zizhuxuanze1—2xiangshengchanlaodong,jingliwanzhengdeshijianguocheng,tigaochuangyiwuhuanengli,yangchengchikunailao、jingyiqiujingdepinzhi,zengqiangshengyaguihuadeyishihenengli。

4.zhiyeyuanxiao

zhongdianjiehezhuanyetedian,zengqiangzhiyerongyuganhezerengan,tigaozhiyelaodongjinengshuiping,peiyujijixiangshangdelaodongjingshenherenzhenfuzedelaodongtaidu。zuzhixuesheng: (1)chixukaizhanrichangshenghuolaodong,ziwoguanlishenghuo,tigaolaodongziliziqiangdeyishihenengli;(2)dingqikaizhanxiaoneiwaigongyifuwuxinglaodong,zuohaoxiaoyuanhuanjingzhixuweihu,yunyongzhuanyejinengweishehui、weitarentigongxiangguangongyifuwu,peiyushehuigongde,houzhiaiguoaimindeqinghuai;(3)yituoshixishixun,canyuzhenshideshengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodong,zengqiangzhiyerentongganhelaodongzihaogan,tishengchuangyiwuhuanengli,peiyubuduantansuo、jingyiqiujing、zhuiqiuzhuoyuedegongjiangjingshenheaigangjingyedelaodongtaidu,jianxin“sanbailiushixing,xingxingchuzhuangyuan”,tirenlaodongbufenguijian,renhezhiyedouhenguangrong,dounengchucai。

5.putonggaodengxuexiao

qianghuamakesizhuyilaodongguanjiaoyu,zhuzhongweiraochuangxinchuangye,jiehexuekezhuanyekaizhanshengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodong,jileizhiyejingyan,peiyuchuangzaoxinglaodongnenglihechengshishouxindehefalaodongyishi。shixuesheng: (1)zhangwotongyonglaodongkexuezhishi,shenkelijiemakesizhuyilaodongguanheshehuizhuyilaodongguanxi,shulizhengquedezeyejiuyechuangyeguan,juyoudaojiankudiquhexingyegongzuodefendoujingshen;(2)gonggulianghaorichangshenghuolaodongxiguan,zijuezuohaosusheweishengbaojie,dulichuligerenshenghuoshiwu,jijicanjiaqingongzhuxuehuodong,tigaolaodongziliziqiangnengli;(3)qianghuafuwuxinglaodong,zijuecanyujiaoshi、shitang、xiaoyuanchangsuodeweishengbaojie、lvhuameihuaheguanlifuwudeng,jiehe“sanzhiyifu”、daxueshengzhiyuanfuwuxibujihua、“qingnianhongsezhumengzhilv”“sanxiaxiang”dengshehuishijianhuodongkaizhanfuwuxinglaodong,qianghuagonggongfuwuyishihemianduizhongdayiqing、zaihaidengweijizhudongzuoweidefengxianjingshen;(4)zhongshishengchanlaodongduanlian,jijicanjiashixishixun、zhuanyefuwuhechuangxinchuangyehuodong,zhongshixinzhishi、xinjishu、xingongyi、xinfangfadeyunyong,tigaozaishengchanshijianzhongfaxianwentihechuangzaoxingjiejuewentidenengli,zaidongshoushijiandeguochengzhongchuangzaoyoujiazhidewuhualaodongchengguo。

三、劳动教育途径、关键环节和评价

(yi)laodongjiaoyutujing

jianglaodongjiaoyunarurencaipeiyangquanguocheng,fengfu、tuozhanlaodongjiaoyushishitujing。

yb体育1.dulikaishelaodongjiaoyubixiuke

yb体育zaidazhongxiaoxueshelilaodongjiaoyubixiukecheng。zhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyukepingjunmeizhoubushaoyu1keshi,yongyuhuodongcehua、jinengzhidao、lianxishijian、zongjiejiaoliudeng,yutongyongjishuhedifangkecheng、xiaobenkechengdengyouguanneirongjinxingbiyaotongchou。zhiyeyuanxiaokaishelaodongzhuantijiaoyubixiuke,bushaoyu16xueshi;zhuyaoweiraolaodongjingshen、laomojingshen、gongjiangjingshen、laodongzuzhi、laodonganquanhelaodongfaguidengfangmiansheji。putonggaodengxuexiaoyaojianglaodongjiaoyunaruzhuanyerencaipeiyangfangan,mingquezhuyaoyituodekecheng,kezaiyiyoukechengzhongzhuanshelaodongjiaoyumokuai,yekezhuanmenkaishelaodongzhuantijiaoyubixiuke,benkejieduanbushaoyu32xueshi;kechengneirongyingjiaqiangmakesizhuyilaodongguanjiaoyu,pujiyuxueshengzhiyefazhanmiqiexiangguandetongyonglaodongkexuezhishi,bingjinglibiyaodeshijiantiyan。

yb体育2.zaixuekezhuanyezhongyoujishentoulaodongjiaoyu

zhongxiaoxuedaodeyufazhi(sixiangzhengzhi)、yuwen、lishi、yishudengxuekeyaoyouzhongdiandinarulaodongchuangzaorenbenshen、laodongchuangzaolishi、laodongchuangzaoshijie、laodongbufenguijiandengmakesizhuyilaodongguan,narugesonglaomo、gesongputonglaodongzhedexuanwenxuancai,naruchanshiqinlao、jiejian、jiankufendoudengzhonghuaminzuyouliangchuantongdeneirong,jiaqiangduixueshengxinqinlaodong、chengshilaodong、hefalaodongdengfangmiandejiaoyu。shuxue、kexue、dili、jishu、tiyuyujiankangdengxuekeyaozhuzhongpeiyangxueshenglaodongdekexuetaidu、guifanyishi、xiaolvguannianhechuangxinjingshen。

zhiyeyuanxiaoyaojianglaodongjiaoyuquanmianrongrugonggongjichuke,yaoqianghuamakesizhuyilaodongguan、laodonganquan、laodongfaguijiaoyu。zhuanyekezaijinxingzhiyelaodongzhishijinengjiaoxuedetongshi,zhuzhongpeiyang“ganyixingaiyixing”dejingyejingshen,chikunailao、tuanjiehezuo、yanjinxizhidegongzuotaidu。

putonggaodengxuexiaoyaojianglaodongjiaoyuyoujinaruzhuanyejiaoyu、chuangxinchuangyejiaoyu,buduanshenhuachanjiaoronghe,qianghualaodongduanlianyaoqiu,jiaqianggaodengxuexiaoyuxingyeguganqiye、gaoxinqiye、zhongxiaoweiqiyejinmixietong,tuidongrencaipeiyangmoshigaige。zhuanyeleikechengzhuyaoyufuwuxuexi、shixishixun、kexueshiyan、shehuishijian、biyeshejidengxiangjiehekaizhangeleilaodongshijian,zhuzhongfenxixiangguanlaodongxingtaifazhanqushi,qianghualaodongpinzhipeiyang。zaigonggongbixiukezhong,yaojinyibuqianghuamakesizhuyilaodongguanjiaoyu、laodongxiangguanfalvfaguiyuzhengcejiaoyu。

3.zaikewaixiaowaihuodongzhonganpailaodongshijian

yb体育jianglaodongjiaoyuyuxueshengdegerenshenghuo、xiaoyuanshenghuoheshehuishenghuoyoujijieheqilai,fengfulaodongtiyan,tigaolaodongnengli,shenhuaduilaodongjiazhidelijie。

zhongxiaoxuemeizhoukewaihuodonghejiatingshenghuozhonglaodongshijian,xiaoxue1zhi2nianjibushaoyu2xiaoshi,qitanianjibushaoyu3xiaoshi;zhiyeyuanxiaoheputonggaodengxuexiaoyaomingqueshenghuozhongdelaodongshixiangheshijian,naruxueshengrichangguanligongzuo。

yb体育dazhongxiaoxuemeixuenianshelilaodongzhou,caiyongzhuantijiangzuo、zhutiyanjiang、laodongjinengjingsai、laodongchengguozhanshi、laodongxiangmushijiandengxingshijinxing。xiaoxueyixiaoneiweizhu,xiaoxuegaonianjikeshidanganpaibufenxiaowailaodong;putongzhongxue、zhiyeyuanxiaoheputonggaodengxuexiaojianguxiaoneiwai,kezaixuenianneihuohanshujiaanpai,yijitilaodongweizhu,youxuexiaozuzhishishi。gaodengxuexiaoyekeanpailaodongyue,jizhongluoshigexuenianlaodongzhouyaoqiu。

4.zaixiaoyuanwenhuajianshezhongqianghualaodongwenhua

yb体育xuexiaoyaojianglaodongxiguan、laodongpinzhideyangchengjiaoyurongruxiaoyuanwenhuajianshezhizhong。yaotongguozhidinglaodonggongyue、meirilaodongchanggui、xueqilaodongrenwudan,caiquyulaodongjiaoyuyouguandexingquxiaozu、shetuandengzuzhixingshi,jiehezhishujie、xueleifengjinianri、wuyilaodongjie、nongminfengshoujie、zhiyuanzherideng,kaizhanfengfudelaodongzhutijiaoyuhuodong,yingzaolaodongguangrong、chuangzaoweidadexiaoyuanwenhua。

yb体育yaojuban“laomodajiangtang”“daguogongjiangjinxiaoyuan”、youxiubiyeshengbaogaohuidenglaodongbangyangrenwujinxiaoyuanhuodong,zuzhilaodongjinenghelaodongchengguozhanshi,zongheyunyongjiangzuo、xuanchuanlan、xinmeitideng,guangfanxuanchuanlaodongbangyangrenwushiji,tebieshishenbiandeputonglaodongzheshiji,rangshishengzaixiaoyuanlijinjulijiechulaodongmofan,lingtinglaomogushi,guanmojingzhanjiyi,ganshoubinglingwuqinmianjingyedelaodongjingshen,zhengzuoxinshidaidefendouzhe。

(er)laodongjiaoyuguanjianhuanjie

yb体育gedihexuexiaoyaozhuzhongweiraolaodongjiaoyudemubiaoheneirongyaoqiu,congtigaolaodongjiaoyudexiaoguochufa,bawolaodongjiaoyurenwudetedian,zhuazhuguanjianhuanjie,xuanzeshiyidelaodongjiaoyufangshi。

yb体育1.jiangjieshuoming。weiraolaodongweishenme、shishenmewenti,youzhongdiandijinxingjiangjie,rangxueshengdongdelaodongdeyiyihejiazhi。jiaqianglaodongguannian、laodongjilv、laodongxiangguanfalvfaguidezhengmianyindao,zhimingqingshilaodongtebieshiqingshiputonglaodongdeweihai,rangxueshengmingbianshifei。jiaqianglaodongzhishijinengdejiangjie,rangxueshengrenqingshili,zhangwoshijiancaozuodejibenyuanli、chengxu、guize,zhengqueshiyonggongjudefangfahejishu。jiangjieyaoyuqifasikao、shifan、lianxidengjieheqilai。

yb体育2.cuiliancaozuo。weiraoruhezuodewenti,zhuzhongshifanyulianxi,rangxueshenghuilaodong。qianghuaguifanyishi,zhuzhongcongzuijibendechengxuxueqi,yanshouguize,bimianzhuguansuiyi。qianghuazhiliangyishi,zhuzhongyindaoxueshengguanzhuxijie,meigebuzhou、huanjiedouyaojingzhundaowei。qianghuazhuanzhupinzhi,zhuzhongyindaoxueshengduicaozuoxingweidepingguyujiankong,zuodaoyandaoshoudaoxindao,youshiyouzhong。

3.xiangmushijian。weiraolaodongnenglidepeiyang,rangxueshengwanchengzhenshi、zongherenwu,jingliwanzhenglaodongguocheng。zhuzhonglaodongjiazhitiren,yindaoxueshengcongxianshishenghuozhongfaxianxuqiu,xuanzehequedinglaodongxiangmu。qianghuaguihuashejiyishi,chongfenfahuixueshengdezhudongxing、jijixing、chuangzaoxing,yindaoxueshengduixiangmushijianjinxingzhengtigousi,zongheyunyongsuoxuezhishi、jishu,buduanyouhuaxingdongfangan。qianghuashentilixing,chuilianyizhipinzhi,ganyuzaikunnanyutiaozhanzhongwanchengxingdongrenwu。

4.fansijiaoliu。weiraolaodongjiazhiyiyidejiangou,yindaoxueshengzongjie、jiaoliu,cujinxueshengxingchengfansijiaoliuxiguan。zhidaoxueshengsikaolaodongguochenghejieguoyushehuijinbu、getichengzhangdeguanlian,bimiantingliuzaijiandandekuletiyanshang。zuzhixueshengjiaoliufenxianglaodongdetiyanheshouhuo,kendingjuyoujijiyiyiderenshi,jiuzhengguannianshangdepiancha。jiangfansijiaoliuyugaijinjieheqilai,shixueshengzailaodongzhonghuodechengzhang。

5.bangyangjili。weiraolaodongdejingshenzhuiqiu,shulidianxing,jifalaodongreqing。zhuyilinxuan、shuliduoleixingbangyang,bujinyaoyoudaguogongjiang、laodongmofan,haiyaoyoushenbianlaodongbiaoxianyouyideputonglaodongzhehetongxue。zhidaoxueshengcongbangyangdejutishijizhonglingwutamendegaoshangjingshenheyouliangpinzhi。mingqueyaoqiuxueshengzairichanglaodongshijianzhongnulixiangbangyangkanqi。

(san)laodongjiaoyupingjia

jianglaodongsuyangnaruxueshengzonghesuzhipingjiatixi。yilaodongjiaoyumubiao、neirongyaoqiuweiyiju,jiangguochengxingpingjiahejieguoxingpingjiajieheqilai,jianquanhewanshanxueshenglaodongsuyangpingjiabiaozhun、chengxuhefangfa,guli、zhichigediliyongdashuju、yunpingtai、wulianwangdengxiandaixinxijishushouduan,kaizhanlaodongjiaoyuguochengjianceyujishipingjia,fahuipingjiadeyurendaoxianghefankuigaijingongneng。

1.pingshibiaoxianpingjia

yb体育yaozaipingshilaodongjiaoyushijianhuodongzhongjishijinxingpingjia,yipingjiacujinxueshengfazhan。yaofugaigeleixinglaodongjiaoyuhuodong,mingquexuenianlaodongshijianleixing、cishu、shijiandengkaoheyaoqiu。guanzhuxueshengzailaodongjiaoyuhuodongzhongdeshijibiaoxian,zhuzhongcongxingweibiaoxianzhongfenxibawolaodongguannianxingchengqingkuang。yiziwopingjiaweizhu,fuyijiaoshi、tongban、jiazhang、fuwuduixiang、yongrendanweidengtapingfangshi,zhidaoxueshengjinxingfansigaijin。yaozhidaoxueshengrushijilulaodongjiaoyuhuodongqingkuang,shoujizhenglixiangguanzhipin、zuopindeng,xuanzedaibiaoxingdexieshijilu,naruzonghesuzhidangan,zuoweixueshengxuenianpingyoupingxiandezhongyaocankao。

2.xueduanzonghepingjia

xueduanjieshushi,yaoyijuxueduanmubiaoheneirong,jiehezonghesuzhidanganfenxi,jiangubixiukexuexihekewailaodongshijian,duilaodongguannian、laodongnengli、laodongjingshen、laodongxiguanhepinzhidenglaodongsuyangfazhanzhuangkuangjinxingzonghepingding。jianlichengxinjizhi,shixingxieshijiluchouchazhidu,duinongxuzuojiazhezaipingyoupingxianfangmianyipiaofoujue,xingzhiyanzhongdeyingyifayiguiyansuchuli。zaigaozhonghedaxuekaizhanzhiyuanzhexingjirenzheng。gaozhongxuexiaohegaodengxuexiaoyaojiangkaohejieguozuoweibiyeyijuzhiyi。tuidongjiangxueduanzonghepingjiajieguozuoweixueshengshengxue、jiuyedezhongyaocankao。

yb体育3.kaizhanxueshenglaodongsuyangjiance

yb体育jiangxueshenglaodongsuyangjiancenarujichujiaoyuzhiliangjiance、zhiyeyuanxiaojiaoxuezhiliangpingguheputonggaodengxuexiaobenkejiaoxuezhiliangpinggu。keweituoyouguanzhuanyejigou,dingqizuzhikaizhanybtiyuxueshenglaodongsuyangzhuangkuangdiaocha,zhuzhongxueshenglaodongguannian、laodongnengli、laodongjingshen、laodongxiguanhepinzhidengdejiance。fahuijiancejieguodeshifanyindao、fankuigaijindenggongneng。

四、学校劳动教育的规划与实施

yb体育(yi)zhengtiguihualaodongjiaoyu

yb体育xuexiaoshilaodongjiaoyudeshishizhuti,yinggenjuguojiaxiangguanguiding,jiehedangdihebenxiaoshijiqingkuang,duilaodongjiaoyujinxingzhengtisheji、xitongguihua,xingchenglaodongjiaoyuzongtishishifangan。fanganyaomingquelaodongjiaoyumubiaoneirong、keshianpai、zhuyaolaodongshijianhuodonganpai、laodongjiaoyuguochengzuzhiyuzhidaojikaohepingjiabanfadeng。tongshiyaojiyuxueshengdenianduantezheng、jieduanxingjiaoyuyaoqiu,yanjiuzhiding“xuexiaoxuenian(huoxueqi)laodongjiaoyujihua”,duixuenian、xueqilaodongjiaoyushijianhuodongzuochujutianpai,tebieshiguihuahaolaodongzhoudengjizhonglaodong,xihuayouguanyaoqiu。shizongtishishifanganhexuenian(huoxueqi)huodongjihuaxianghupeitao、xianjie,xingchengkechixukaizhandelaodongjiaoyushishifangan。

yb体育xuexiaozailaodongjiaoyuguihuashiyaozhuyichuliyixiajigefangmiandeguanxi:

1.lilunxuexiheshijianduanliandeguanxi

lilunxuexiheshijianduanliandoushilaodongjiaoyudebiyaoneirong。lilunxuexizhongzairangxueshenglijiehezhangwo“laodongchuangzaolerenbenshen”“laodongchuangzaoshijie”denglishiweiwuzhuyijibenlilunzhuzhangyijilaodongxiangguanfalv、fagui、zhengce,zuoweixingdongdezhinan。shijianduanlianzhongzaijiangsuoxuezhishizhuanhuaweizhenzhengyouyongdeshijibenling,xingchenglianghaodelaodongxiguan,hongyanglaodongjingshen。guihualaodongjiaoyushi,yaoliangzhejiangu,jianchiyishijianduanlianweizhu,qieshibaozhengmeiyigexueshengdouyoubiyaodelaodongshijianjingli,bunengzhishikoutoushanghanlaodong、ketangshangjianglaodong。yaotongguoxueshengshijianqiandejihuagouxiang、shijianzhongdeguanchasikaoheshijianhoudefansijiaoliu,jiashenduiyouguansixianglilun、faguizhengcedelijie,shixianlilunxuexiheshijianduanliandetongyi。

yb体育2.laodongjiaoyuyuqitajiaoyuhuodongdeguanxi

yb体育zaikaizuzhuanmenlaodongjiaoyubixiukedetongshi,zhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyubixiukeshijianhuanjiezhongyuzongheshijianhuodongdeshehuifuwu、shejizhizuo、zhiyetiyanzhongdiebufen,kezhengheshishi。zhiyeyuanxiao、putonggaodengxuexiaolaodongjiaoyuzhongxueshengshengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodongkeyitongguozhuanyeshixi、shixun、chuangxinchuangyedengshijianhuanjiewancheng,richangshenghuolaodongkeyitongguoxueshengguanliluoshi。

3.laodongdechuantongxingtaiyuxinxingtaideguanxi

yb体育jiangrichangshenghuolaodongjiaoyuguanchuandazhongxiaoxueshizhong。zaianpaishengchanlaodonghefuwuxinglaodongxiangmushi,zhongxiaoxueyaoyishiyongchuantonggongju、chuantonggongyidelaodongweizhu,yindaoxueshengtihuilaodongrenmindejianxinyuzhihui,chuanchengzhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhua,jiangushiyongxinzhishi、xinjishu、xingongyi、xinfangfadelaodong。zhiyeyuanxiao、putonggaodengxuexiaoyaozhuzhongjiehechanyexinyetai、laodongxinxingtai,xuanzexiandainongye、gongye、fuwuyexiangmu,tishengchuangzaoxinglaodongnengli。

yb体育(er)laodongjiaoyudezuzhishishi

1.shishijigouherenyuan

xuexiaoyaojianlijianquanlaodongjiaoyuzuzhishishidegongzuojizhi。mingquezhuguanxiaolingdao,shezhijigouhuomingquexiangguanbumenfuzelaodongjiaoyudeguihuasheji、zuzhixiediao、ziyuanzhenghe、shizipeixun、guochengguanli、zongjiepingjiadeng。

yaojianlizhuanjianzhixiangjiehedelaodongjiaoyujiaoshiduiwu。genjuxuexiaolaodongjiaoyuxuyao,mingquelaodongjiaoyuzerenren,jinxinglaodongjiaoyuguihua、zuzhishishi、pingjiadeng,peiqilaodongjiaoyubixiukejiaoshi,baochijiaoshiduiwudexiangduiwendingxing。yaochongfenfahuijiaozhiyuangongtebieshibanzhuren、fudaoyuan、daoshidezuoyong,liyongshaoxiandui、gongqingtuan、dangzuzhiyijixueshengshetuandenggefangmiandeliliang,helikaizhanlaodongjiaoyushijianhuodong。chongfenliyongjiazhangjidangdirenliziyuan,pinqingxiangguanxingyezhuanyerenshidanrenlaodongshijianzhidaojiaoshi。

yb体育2.laodonganquanfengxianfangfanyuguanli

xuexiaoyaobalaodonganquanjiaoyuyuguanlizuoweizuzhishishidebiyaoneirong,qianghualaodonganquanyishi,jianlijianquananquanjiaoyuyuguanlibingzhongdelaodonganquanbaozhangtixi。

yb体育yaoyijuxueshengshenxinfayuqingkuang,shiduanpailaodongqiangdu、shizhang,qieshiguanzhulaodongrenwujichangsuosheshideshiyixing。kexuepinggulaodongshijianhuodongdeanquanfengxian,renzhenpaicha、qingchuxueshenglaodongshijianzhongdegezhongyinhuan。zaichangsuosheshixuanze、cailiaoxuanyong、gongjushebeihefanghuyongpinshiyong、huodongliuchengdengfangmianzhidinganquan、kexuecaozuoguifan,qianghualaodongguochengmeigegangweideguanli,mingquegefangzeren,fanghuanyuweiran。zhidinglaodongshijianhuodongfengxianfangkongyuan,wanshanyingjiyushiguchulijizhi。yaotebieguanzhulaodongguochengzhongdeweishengyinhuan,anzhaojikong、weishengjiankangbumenjixingyeyouguanguiding,caiquxiangyingcuoshi,qieshibaohuxueshengdeshenxinjiankang。guligoumailaodongjiaoyuxiangguanbaoxian。

3.jianlixietongshishijizhi

yb体育zhongxiaoxueyaotuidongjianliyixuexiaoweizhudao、jiatingweijichu、shequweiyituodexietongshishijizhi,xingchenggongyuheli。xuexiaoyaotongguojiazhanghui、jiazhangxuexiao、shequxuanjiang、wangluomeitidengtujing,yindaojiazhangshulizhengquedelaodongguan;mingquejiazhangdelaodongjiaoyuzeren,rangjiazhangzhudongzhidaoheducuhaiziwanchengjiating、shequlaodongrenwu;xuexiaoyaoyuxiangguanshehuishijianjidigongtongkaifabingshishilaodongjiaoyukecheng。

zhiyeyuanxiao、putonggaodengxuexiaoyaojianlixuexiaofuzeguihuasheji,xingyeqiyeshehuijigouzhuyaofuzeyewuzhidao,shuangfanggongtongguanlidelaodongjiaoyushishijizhi。tongguojianlilaomogongzuoshi、jinengdashigongzuoshi,shezhirongyujiaoshi、shiwudaoshigangweideng,duoqudaoyinrushehuililiangcanyuxuexiaolaodongjiaoyu。yaolianheshehuililiang,gongjiangongxiangwendingdelaodongshijianjidi、xiaowaishixishixunjidi、geleixingchuangxinchuangyefuhuapingtai,duoqudaotuozhanlaodongshijianchangsuo。

五、劳动教育条件保障与专业支持

difangjiaoyuxingzhengbumenyaoqieshijiaqiangduilaodongjiaoyugongzuodezuzhilingdao,mingquejigouherenyuanchengdanquyutuijinlaodongjiaoyudezhizerenwu,qieshijiaqiangtiaojianbaozhang、zhuanyezhichihedudaopinggu,zhengtitigaodazhongxiaoxuelaodongjiaoyuzhiliangheshuiping。

(yi)tiaojianjianshe

1.fengfuhetuozhanlaodongshijianchangsuo

difangjiaoyuxingzhengbumenyaotongchouguihuahepeizhilaodongjiaoyushijianziyuan,manzuxuexiaoduoyanghualaodongshijianxuqiu。chongfenliyongxianyouzongheshijianjidi、qingshaonianxiaowaihuodongchangsuo、zhiyeyuanxiaoheputonggaodengxuexiaolaodongshijianchangsuo,jianlijianquankaifanggongxiangjizhi,tebieshichongfenliyongzhiyeyuanxiaoshixunshixichangsuo、sheshishebei,weiputongzhongxiaoxueheputonggaodengxuexiaotigongsuoxuyaodefuwu。keanpaiyipitudi、shanlin、caochangdengzuoweixuenongshijianjidi,querenyipichangkuangqiyezuoweixuegongshijianjidi,rendingyipichengxiangshequ、fuliyuan、yiyuan、bowuguan、kejiguan、tushuguandengshiyedanwei、shehuijigou、gonggongchangsuozuoweifuwuxinglaodongjidi。tuidongxuexiaochongfenliyongxiaoneixuexi、shenghuoyouguanchangsuo,zhubujianhaopeiqilaodongjishushijianjiaoshi、shixunjidi,fengfulaodongjiaoyuziyuan。

2.jiaqiangshiziduiwujianshe

yaomingquelaodongkejiaoshiguanliyaoqiu,baozhanglaodongkejiaoshizaijixiaokaohe、zhichengpingpin、pingxianpingyou、zhuanyefazhandengfangmianyuqitazhuanrenjiaoshixiangshoutongdengdaiyu。tuidongzhongxiaoxue、zhiyeyuanxiaoyuputonggaodengxuexiaojianlishizijiaoliugongxiangjizhi,fahuizhiyeyuanxiaojiaoshidezhuanyeyoushi,chengdanputongxuexiaolaodongjiaoyujiaoxuerenwu。jianlilaodongkejiaoshitepinzhidu,weixuexiaopinqingjuyoushijianjingyandeshehuizhuanyejishurenyuan、laodongmofandengdanrenjianzhijiaoshichuangzaotiaojian。

gaodengxuexiaoyaojiaqianglaodongjiaoyushizipeiyang,youtiaojiandeyuanxiaokaishelaodongjiaoyuxiangguanzhuanye。balaodongjiaoyunarujiaoyuxingzhengganbu、xiaozhang、jiaoshi、fudaoyuanpeixunneirong,kaizhanquanyuanpeixun,qianghualaodongyishi、laodongguannian,tishenglaodongjiaoyudezijuexing。duichengdanlaodongjiaoyukechengdejiaoshijinxingzhuanxiangpeixun,tigaolaodongyurenyishihezhuanyehuashuiping。

3.jianquanjingfeitourujizhi

gediyaotongchouzhongyangbuzhuzijinheziyoucaili,duozhongxingshichoucuozijin,jiakuaijianshexiaoneilaodongjiaoyuchangsuohexiaowailaodongjiaoyushijianjidi,jiaqiangxuexiaolaodongjiaoyusheshijianshe,jianlixuexiaolaodongjiaoyuqicai、haocaibuchongjizhi。xuexiaokeanzhaoguidingtongchouanpaigongyongjingfeidengzijinkaizhanlaodongjiaoyu,kecaiquzhengfugoumaifuwufangshi,xiyinshehuililiangtigonglaodongjiaoyufuwu。

(er)jiaqiangzhuanyeyanjiuhezhidao

1.jiaqianglaodongjiaoyuyanjiuyuzhidao

zaiquanguojiaoyukexueguihua、jiaoyuburenwenshehuikexueyanjiuxiangmuzhongzhichilaodongjiaoyuyanjiu。difangjiaoyuxingzhengbumengulihezhichixiangguanjigoushelilaodongjiaoyuyanjiuxiangmu。sheliyipishiyanquhuoshiyanxuexiao,zhuzhongkaizhangenzongyanjiu、xingdongyanjiu。jubanluntanjiangzuo,yingzaolianghaoxueshufenwei。

gejizhongxiaoxuejiaoyanjigouyaopeibeilaodongjiaoyujiaoyanyuan,zuzhikaizhanzhuantijiaoyan、quyujiaoyan、wangluojiaoyan,tongguoxietongchuangxin、xiaojiliandong、quyutuijin,tigaolaodongjiaoyuzhengtishishishuiping。guligaodengxuexiaoyituoyouguanzhuanyejigoukaizhanlaodongjiaoyujiaoxueyanjiu。

yb体育2.zuzhikaizhanlaodongjiaoyukechengziyuanyanfa

jiyulaodongjiaoyujiaoxuedeshijixuyao,shengjijiaoyuxingzhengbumenmingquezhongxiaoxuelaodongshijianzhidaoshoucebianxieyaoqiu,tixian“yigangduoben”,manzubutongdiquxuexiaodeduoyanghuaxuqiu,fuzezuzhishencha。zhiyeyuanxiaokezuzhibianxielaodongjingshen、laomojingshen、gongjiangjingshenzhuantiduben,youbianxieyuanxiaohuoweituozhuanyejigoujinxingshencha。gulixuexiao、xueshutuanti、zhuanyejigoudengshoujizhenglifanyinglaodongxianjinrenwushijihejingshendeyingshiziliao,zuzhiyanfazhanshilaodongguocheng、laodonganquanyaoqiudeshuziziyuan,shulilinxuanlaizijiaoxueyixiandedianxinganlihexianhuojingyan,xingchengfenxueduan、fenzhuantidelaodongjiaoyukechengziyuanbao,cujinyouzhiziyuandegongxiangyushiyong。

(san)dudaopingguyujili

1.jiaqiangduixuexiaolaodongjiaoyushishiqingkuangdeducha

balaodongjiaoyunarujiaoyududaotixi,wanshandudaobanfa。duidifanggejirenminzhengfuheyouguanbumenbaozhanglaodongjiaoyuqingkuangjinxingdudao。duixuexiaolaodongjiaoyukaikelv、xueshenglaodongshijianzuzhideyouxuxing,jiaoxuezhidaodezhenduixing,baozhangcuoshideyouxiaoxingdengjinxingduchahezhidao。dudaojieguoyaoxiangshehuigongkai,zuoweihengliangquyujiaoyuzhiliangheshuipingdezhongyaozhibiao,zuoweiduibeidudaobumenhexuexiaojiqizhuyaofuzerenkaohejiangchengdeyiju。

2.jianlijianquanlaodongjiaoyujilijizhi

zaiguojiaji、shengjijiaoxuechengguojianglizhong,jianglaodongjiaoyujiaoxuechengguonarupingjiangfanwei,duiyouxiuchengguoyuyijiangli。yituoyouguanzhuanyezuzhi、jiaokeyanjigoudengkaizhanlaodongjiaoyujingyanjiaoliuhechengguozhanshihuodong,jifaguangdajiaoshishijianchuangxindeqiannenghedongli。jijixiediaoxinwenmeitichuanbolaodongguangrong、chuangzaoweidasixiang,dalixuanchuanlaodongjiaoyuxianjinxuexiao、xianjingeren。

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